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  • Country:
  • Name of MPA:
  • Designation in national language:
    Area marinha protegida OSPAR
  • Status:
  • Status year:
  • WDPA ID::
  • WDPA PID::
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557131
  • WDPA PID : 555557131
  • Original name of MPA: Rainbow hydrothermal vent field
  • Country: Portugal
  • Designation in national language: Area marinha protegida OSPAR
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 22,15 km²
  • Calculated total area: 22,21 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 22,21 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2006
  • OSPAR region: Wider Atlantic
  • Management authority name:  
  • Management authority web site:  

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims: Data not reported
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:

Marine species and habitats


Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Elasmobranchii 105837 Cetorhinus maximus registration lists
        105899 Centrophorus granulosus registration lists
        105901 Centrophorus squamosus registration lists
        105907 Centroscymnus coelolepis registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1170: Reefs

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Oceanic ridges with hydrothermal vents/fields

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:


  • Governing body:Yes  
    • Marine Park of the Azores; Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs - Regional Secretariate for the Sea, Science and Technology
      • Public administration = %
  • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
    • Marine Park of the Azores; Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs - Regional Secretariate for the Sea, Science and Technology : Yes
    • National public authority: Data not reported
    • Regional or local public authority: Yes
    • International body : No

Resources (staff, equipment and financial)


Management plan

  • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
  • Comments : Regional Legislative Decree 28/2011/A creates the Marine Park of the Azores ammended and republished by the Regional Legislative Decree 13/2016/A. Threats and pressures listed in the Initial assessement report of the MSFD for the Azores (Art. 8).
  • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Yes
  • Comments : Permits for scientific surveys; maritime surveilance and law enforcement
  • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
  • Comments : Monitoring of scientific surveys which require permits and reports and must follow the OSPAR Code of Conduct. Analysis of published scientific data.
  • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
  • Comments : Proxy assessment from published scientific data. Some protected features have reached conservation objectives. Measures being taken to improve ecological status of some protected features while the condition of others is unknown.
  • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:  


  • National legal status:
    • Nature Reserve
  • International legal status:
    • Habitats Directive
  • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
    • MPA staff
  • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None


  • Type of monitoring programs implemented: Data not reported

OSPAR criteria for designation

  • Ecological significance:
    • Data not reported
  • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Data not reported
  • Level of representativity: Data not reported
  • Level of sensitivity: Data not reported
  • Level of naturalness: Data not reported
  • Potential for restoration: Data not reported
  • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Data not reported
  • Potential for success of management measures: Data not reported
  • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Data not reported
  • Scientific value Data not reported

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    updated on 25/01/2019