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EL CACHUCHO - Area marina protegida (OSPAR)

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  • Country:
  • Name of MPA:
  • Designation in national language:
    Area marina protegida (OSPAR)
  • Status:
  • Status year:
  • WDPA ID::
  • WDPA PID::
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555556982
  • WDPA PID : 555556982
  • Name of MPA: EL CACHUCHO
  • Original name of MPA: El Cachucho
  • Country: Spain
  • Designation in national language: Area marina protegida (OSPAR)
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 2 349,50 km²
  • Calculated total area: 2 395,92 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 2 395,92 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2008
  • OSPAR region: Bay of Biscay and Iberian Coast
  • Management authority name: Dirección General de Sostenibilidad de la Costa y del Mar - Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes without legal protection status
    • To maintain key ecological functions (spawning areas, nursery grounds, feeding zones, resting areas, areas of high productivity, etc.)
    • To promote sustainable management / development of socio-economic activities
    • To foster scientific research
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:
    • Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Actinopterygii 126402 Hoplostethus atlanticus ( ) registration lists
        126413 Alosa alosa ( ) registration lists
        126415 Alosa fallax ( ) registration lists
        127029 Thunnus thynnus ( ) registration lists
      Anthozoa 135161 Lophelia pertusa ( ) registration lists
      Aves 137128 Alca torda registration lists
        137131 Fratercula arctica registration lists
        137133 Uria aalge registration lists
        137142 Larus fuscus registration lists
        137146 Larus marinus registration lists
        137147 Larus melanocephalus ( ) registration lists
        137148 Larus minutus ( ) registration lists
        137149 Larus ridibundus registration lists
        137151 Larus sabini registration lists
        137156 Rissa tridactyla registration lists
        137160 Sterna dougallii ( ) registration lists
        137162 Sterna hirundo ( ) registration lists
        137165 Sterna paradisaea ( ) registration lists
        137166 Sterna sandvicensis ( ) registration lists
        137171 Stercorarius longicaudus registration lists
        137172 Stercorarius parasiticus registration lists
        137173 Stercorarius pomarinus registration lists
        137189 Hydrobates pelagicus ( ) registration lists
        137192 Oceanodroma leucorhoa ( ) registration lists
        137194 Calonectris diomedea ( ) registration lists
        137201 Puffinus gravis registration lists
        137202 Puffinus griseus registration lists
        137203 Puffinus puffinus registration lists
        148776 Morus bassanus registration lists
        232052 Larus michahellis registration lists
        445503 Puffinus mauretanicus ( ) registration lists
      Elasmobranchii 105837 Cetorhinus maximus ( ) registration lists
        105869 Dipturus batis ( ) registration lists
        105883 Raja clavata registration lists
        105899 Centrophorus granulosus registration lists
        105901 Centrophorus squamosus registration lists
        105907 Centroscymnus coelolepis registration lists
      Mammalia 137087 Balaenoptera acutorostrata registration lists
        137091 Balaenoptera physalus registration lists
        137094 Delphinus delphis registration lists
        137097 Globicephala melas registration lists
        137107 Stenella coeruleoalba registration lists
        137111 Tursiops truncatus ( ) registration lists
        137119 Physeter macrocephalus registration lists
        137127 Ziphius cavirostris registration lists
      Reptilia 137205 Caretta caretta ( ) registration lists
        137209 Dermochelys coriacea registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1170: Reefs ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      Deep-sea bioherms
      Deep-sea mixed substrata
      Deep-sea mud
      Deep-sea muddy sand
      Deep-sea rock and artificial hard substrata
      Deep-sea sand
      Deep-sea trenches and canyons, channels, slope failures and slumps on the continental slope
      Raised features of the deep-sea bed

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Carbonate mounds
      Coral Gardens
      Deep-sea sponge aggregations ( )
      Lophelia pertusa reefs ( )
      Seamounts ( )
      Sea-pen and burrowing megafauna communities ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:
    • Professional fishing, with dormant gear
      • Professional gillnet fishing
      • Professional potting (lobster/octopus)
    • Professional fishing, trades line
      • Professional bottom long line fishing
    • Shipping traffic
      • Haulage
    • Navigation, sailing
    • Scientific Research


  • Governing body:No
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Yes (Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente)
      • Regional or local public authority: No
      • International body : No

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available
      • Data not available
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources:
      • Data not available

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
    • Comments : The MPA and its management plan were aproved in 2011 by Royal Decree 1629/2011, 14 November. A new management plan will be approved by the end of 2018 as the current one is only valid for 6 years.
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
    • Comments : Specific conservation measures are included in the management plan. Some of the required measures have been implemented but others remain pending.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
    • Comments : There is a monitoring plan for Nature 2000 Habitat 1170 by the current management plan. The new plan will update monitoring measures relying on Marine Strategy Monitoring program.
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
    • Comments : Some of the protected features have reached their conservation objetives, as it is considered that the pressures over them have ceased.
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA: 1
    • Management plan #1
      • General information
        • Management authority name: Medidas de conservación
        • Level of achievement of the management plan: Is implemented
      • Validity of the management plan
        • Date of start of validity of the current management document: 11/14/2011
      • Implementation of the management plan
        • Official duration of management plan implementation. 11/14/2011
      • Animation of the management plan
        • Hyperlink to the current management document:
        • Comments Real Decreto 1629/2011, de 14 de noviembre, por el que se declara como Área Marina Protegida y como Zona Especial de Conservación el espacio marino de El Cachucho, y se aprueban las correspondientes medidas de conservación.


    • National legal status:
      • Other (please specify) - WDPA ID = 555545963 (Marine Protected Area)
    • International legal status:
      • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555524217
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
      • Fisheries control
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations:
    Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations.
     Regulated Permanent
      Onboard recreational fishing
      Professional gillnet fishing
      Professional potting (lobster/octopus)
      Cables (electrical, telecommunications, etc.)
      Navigation, sailing
      Scientific Research
      Frequency not defined
      Professional bottom long line fishing
     Prohibited Permanent
      Extraction of non-living resources (e.g. aggregates, oil and gas, etc.)
      Ammunition dump site
      Professional fishing, trailing gear
      Energy production


    • Type of monitoring programs implemented:
      • Occasional monitoring program for environmental and/or biodiversity features
      • Occasional monitoring program of human activities

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • A high natural biological productivity of the species or features being represented
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of representativity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of sensitivity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of naturalness: High
    • Potential for restoration: High
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: High
    • Potential for success of management measures: High
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: High
    • Scientific value High

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      updated on 25/01/2019