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FAIAL-PICO CHANNEL - Area marinha protegida OSPAR

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  • Country:
    Portugal
  • Name of MPA:
    FAIAL-PICO CHANNEL
  • Designation in national language:
    Area marinha protegida OSPAR
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2006
  • WDPA ID::
    555556986
  • WDPA PID::
    555556986
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555556986
  • WDPA PID : 555556986
  • Name of MPA: FAIAL-PICO CHANNEL
  • Original name of MPA: Faial-Pico Channel
  • Country: Portugal
  • Designation in national language: Area marinha protegida OSPAR
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: Not specified
  • Calculated total area: 240,55 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 240,55 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2006
  • OSPAR region: Wider Atlantic
  • Management authority name: Natural Park of Faial and Natural Park of Pico (Regional Directorate for the Environment - Regional Secretary for Agriculture and the Environment); Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs - Regional Secretariate for the Sea, Science and Technology
  • Management authority web site: www.azores.gov.pt/Portal/en/entidades/srmct-dram/; http://parquesnaturais.azores.gov.pt/en/faial-eng; http://parquesnaturais.azores.gov.pt/en/pico-eng

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • Aims: Keep the natural habitats and species in a good conservation status in order to preserve biodiversity; Promote an effective management for the sustainable use of resources, including fisheries and activities with low environmental impact; Improve regional sustainable development; Protect natural values,species, habitats and ecosystems.
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:
    • Due to the diversity of ecological situations it comprehends, the channel is one of the best examples in the Azores representing a large number of species, habitats and ecological processes that occur on the coasts of Macaronesia.

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Actinopterygii 126281 Anguilla anguilla registration lists
        127029 Thunnus thynnus registration lists
        154776 Hippocampus guttulatus registration lists
      Aves 137160 Sterna dougallii registration lists
        137162 Sterna hirundo registration lists
        137194 Calonectris diomedea registration lists
        137203 Puffinus puffinus registration lists
        232052 Larus michahellis registration lists
        445502 Puffinus assimilis baroli registration lists
      Bivalvia 140781 Pinna rudis registration lists
      Echinoidea 124316 Paracentrotus lividus registration lists
      Elasmobranchii 105883 Raja clavata registration lists
      Gastropoda 140684 Patella ulyssiponensis aspera registration lists
      Malacostraca 107350 Maja squinado registration lists
      Mammalia 137087 Balaenoptera acutorostrata registration lists
        137088 Balaenoptera borealis registration lists
        137090 Balaenoptera musculus registration lists
        137091 Balaenoptera physalus registration lists
        137092 Megaptera novaeangliae registration lists
        137094 Delphinus delphis registration lists
        137096 Globicephala macrorhynchus registration lists
        137097 Globicephala melas registration lists
        137098 Grampus griseus registration lists
        137102 Orcinus orca registration lists
        137107 Stenella coeruleoalba registration lists
        137111 Tursiops truncatus registration lists
        137113 Kogia breviceps registration lists
        137119 Physeter macrocephalus registration lists
        137121 Mesoplodon bidens registration lists
        137127 Ziphius cavirostris registration lists
        159025 Kogia sima registration lists
        343899 Hyperoodon ampullatus registration lists
      Maxillopoda 106224 Megabalanus azoricus registration lists
      Reptilia 137205 Caretta caretta registration lists
        137209 Dermochelys coriacea registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays
      1170: Reefs
      8330: Submerged or partially submerged sea caves

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Coral Gardens

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Yes
    • Natural Park of Faial and Natural Park of Pico (Regional Directorate for the Environment - Regional Secretary for Agriculture and the Environment)
      • Public administration = %
    • Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs - Regional Secretariate for the Sea, Science and Technology
      • Public administration = %
  • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
    • Natural Park of Faial and Natural Park of Pico (Regional Directorate for the Environment - Regional Secretary for Agriculture and the Environment) : Yes
    • Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs - Regional Secretariate for the Sea, Science and Technology : Yes
    • National public authority: No
    • Regional or local public authority: Yes (Parque Natural do Faial e Parque Natural do Pico (Direção Regional do Ambiente - Secretaria Regional da Agricultura e do Ambiente)
    • International body : Data not reported

Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

  • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
  • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
  • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
  • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
  • Equipment and facilities available
    • Data not available
  • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Funding sources:
    • Data not available

Management plan

  • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
  • Comments : Regional Legislative Decree 20/2008/A creates the Natural Park of Pico; Regional Legislative Decree 46/2008/A creates the Natural Park of Faial. Threats and pressures listed in the Initial assessement report of the MSFD for the Azores (Art. 8).
  • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Yes
  • Comments : Permits for scientific surveys; maritime surveilance and law enforcement
  • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Yes
  • Comments : Monitoring in course through MONIZEC program, including visual census and monitoring of human uses
  • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
  • Comments : Direct assessment by monitoring program, with some protected features that have reached the conservation objectives. Measures being taken to improve ecological status of some protected features while the condition of some of others is unknown.
  • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:

Regulation

  • National legal status:
    • Data not available
  • International legal status:
    • Data not available
  • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
    • Data not available
  • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

Monitoring

  • Type of monitoring programs implemented:
    • Occasional monitoring programme concerning species
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)
      Actinopterygii Thunnus thynnus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)

OSPAR criteria for designation

  • Ecological significance:
    • Data not available
  • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Data not available
  • Level of representativity: Data not available
  • Level of sensitivity: Data not available
  • Level of naturalness: Data not available
  • Potential for restoration: Data not available
  • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Data not available
  • Potential for success of management measures: Data not available
  • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Data not available
  • Scientific value Data not available

Photos

Channel  - Marco Aurélio SantosBiodiversity at the channel - Marco Aurélio SantosEndemic at the Channel - Marco Aurélio Santos - Marco Aurélio Santos

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    updated on 25/01/2019