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PEN LLYN A`R SARNAU / LLEYN PENINSULA AND THE SARNAU - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

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  • Country:
    United Kingdom
  • Name of MPA:
    PEN LLYN A`R SARNAU / LLEYN PENINSULA AND THE SARNAU
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557121
  • WDPA PID::
    555557121
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557121
  • WDPA PID : 555557121
  • Name of MPA: PEN LLYN A`R SARNAU / LLEYN PENINSULA AND THE SARNAU
  • Original name of MPA: Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau / Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 1 441,92 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 1 423,46 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Celtic Seas
  • Management authority name: Natural Resource Wales
  • Management authority web site: http://wales.gov.uk/topics/environmentcountryside/consmanagement/marinefisheries/?lang=en

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
    • To maintain key ecological functions (spawning areas, nursery grounds, feeding zones, resting areas, areas of high productivity, etc.)
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:
    • Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Bivalvia 138802 Arctica islandica ( ) registration lists
      Mammalia 137076 Lutra lutra ( ) registration lists
        137080 Halichoerus grypus ( ) registration lists
        137111 Tursiops truncatus ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) ( )
      1150: Coastal lagoons ( )
      1130: Estuaries ( )
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays ( )
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )
      8330: Submerged or partially submerged sea caves ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      A1.1 High energy littoral rock
      A1.2 Moderate energy littoral rock
      A1.3 Low energy littoral rock
      A2.1 Littoral coarse sediment
      A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand
      A2.3 Littoral mud
      A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds
      A2.7 Littoral biogenic reefs
      A3.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy infralittoral rock
      A3.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy infralittoral rock
      A4.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy circalittoral rock
      A4.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy circalittoral rock
      A5.1 Sublittoral coarse sediment
      A5.2 Sublittoral sand
      A5.3 Sublittoral mud
      A5.4 Sublittoral mixed sediments
      A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment
      A5.6 Sublittoral biogenic reefs

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Intertidal mudflats ( )
      Modiolus modiolus beds ( )
      Sea-pen and burrowing megafauna communities ( )
      Zostera beds ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:
    • Activities on the coast
      • Sand Yacht/Speed sailing
      • Kite flying
      • Horse-riding
      • Picking
    • Sports and water sports (at sea)
      • Swimming
      • Surfing/Windsurfing
      • Kayak/Canoe
      • Scuba diving
      • Walking
    • Navigation, sailing
      • Mooring, anchoring
    • Recreational fishing
      • Leisure shell fishing
      • Onboard recreational fishing
      • Spear fishing
    • Professional fishing, trailing gear
      • Professional bottom trawling
      • Professional bivalve dredging
    • Professional fishing, with dormant gear
      • Professional gillnet fishing
      • Professional trammel net (tangle net) fishing
      • Professional potting (lobster/octopus)
    • Professional fishing, trades line
      • Professional long line fishing (pelagic)
    • Extraction / deposit
      • Waste disposal
    • Professional shell fishing on the shore
    • Grazing on salt pastures
    • Shipping traffic
    • Overflight
    • Scientific Research

Governance

  • Governing body:Yes
    • Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau Relevant Authority Group
      • Public administration = 100 %
    • Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau Liaison group
      • Public administration = %
      • Local citizens = %
      • Professional fishermen = %
      • Nature and environmental NGOs = %
      • Leisure fishing representatives = %
      • Tourism representatives = %
  • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
    • Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau Relevant Authority Group : Yes
    • Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau Liaison group : Yes
    • National public authority: Yes (Natural Resources Wales, Welsh Water, Trinity House)
    • Regional or local public authority: Yes (Gwynedd Council, Snowdonia National Park Authority)
    • International body : No

Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

  • Number of permanent staff: 1
  • Number of seasonal staff: 0
  • Annual full-time equivalents: 1
  • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: 0
  • Equipment and facilities available
    • Data not reported
  • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: 59006.24 euros
  • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Funding sources:
    • From local administration
    • From regional administration
    • From national administration
    • Biodiversity Partnership

Management plan

  • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
  • Comments : Site has conservation objectives (2009). Variable scale spatial feature information is available. Priority pressures, threats and actions have been identified (PIP 2015). Some measures are investigations.
  • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
  • Comments : Impacts for licensable activities are regulated through licensing and permitting processes. Not all unregulated activities have been assessed and/or addressed.
  • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
  • Comments : Some condition monitoring occurs but is limited by resource constraints. Limited compliance monitoring occurs but is variable across regimes.
  • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
  • Comments : Six features favourable at last assessment (Sandbanks, Seacaves, BND, Grey seals, Reefs (all 2007), Salicornia (2011)), six features unfavourable (Estuaries, lagoons, MF & SF (all 2007), Otters (2008), LSIB (2009) & ASM (2011).
  • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA: 1
  • Management plan #1
    • Level of achievement of the management plan: Is implemented
    • Date of start of validity the 1st management document: 01/01/2000
    • Date of start of validity of the current management document: 01/01/2000
    • Official duration of management plan implementation. 14 years
    • Duration of the management plan preparation and drafting: 12 months

Regulation

  • National legal status:
    • None
  • International legal status:
    • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555535784 - N2000 ID = UK0013117
  • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
    • Fisheries control
    • RAG group
  • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations:
Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations.
 Regulated Frequency not defined
  Grazing on salt pastures

Monitoring

  • Type of monitoring programs implemented:
    • Regular monitoring programme concerning species
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)
      Mammalia Lutra lutra (Public or semi-public organisation independently of the management authority/organisation)
        Halichoerus grypus (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Tursiops truncatus (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
    • Regular monitoring programme concerning habitats
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)

      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1150: Coastal lagoons (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      Intertidal mudflats (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      Modiolus modiolus beds (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1170: Reefs (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      Zostera beds (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
    • Occasional monitoring programme concerning habitats
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)

      1130: Estuaries (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      8330: Submerged or partially submerged sea caves (Public or semi-public organisation in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
    • Occasional monitoring program for environmental and/or biodiversity features
    • Regular monitoring program for environmental and/or biodiversity features

OSPAR criteria for designation

  • Ecological significance:
    • Important feeding, breeding, moulting, wintering or resting area
  • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Medium
  • Level of representativity: High
  • Level of sensitivity: Data not available
  • Level of naturalness: Data not available
  • Potential for restoration: Data not available
  • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
  • Potential for success of management measures: High
  • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Low / not significant
  • Scientific value High

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    updated on 17/02/2016