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PLYMOUTH SOUND AND ESTUARIES - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

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  • Country:
    United Kingdom
  • Name of MPA:
    PLYMOUTH SOUND AND ESTUARIES
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557126
  • WDPA PID::
    555557126
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557126
  • WDPA PID : 555557126
  • Name of MPA: PLYMOUTH SOUND AND ESTUARIES
  • Original name of MPA: Plymouth Sound and Estuaries
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 57,02 km²
  • Calculated total area: 56,98 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 54,73 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Greater North Sea
  • Management authority name: Natural England
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims: Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Actinopterygii 126413 Alosa alosa ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) ( )
      1130: Estuaries ( )
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays ( )
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy circalittoral rock
      Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy infralittoral rock
      Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy circalittoral rock
      Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy infralittoral rock
      Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy circalittoral rock
      Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy infralittoral rock
      Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds
      High energy littoral rock
      Littoral coarse sediment
      Littoral mixed sediments
      Littoral mud
      Littoral sand and muddy sand
      Littoral sediments dominated by aquatic angiosperms
      Low energy littoral rock
      Moderate energy littoral rock
      Sublittoral coarse sediment
      Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment
      Sublittoral mixed sediments
      Sublittoral mud
      Sublittoral sand

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Intertidal mudflats ( )
      Sea-pen and burrowing megafauna communities ( )
      Zostera beds ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Data not reported
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Data not reported
      • Regional or local public authority: Data not reported
      • International body : Data not reported

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available Data not reported
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources: Data not reported

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
    • Comments : Conservation Advice package published Narch 2017. The SIP lists threats, pressures and actions. There is an EMS management plan (2013) and MMO strategic management table. Spatial information on magic mapping tool.
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
    • Comments : Licensable activities are subject to HRA which considers the likelihood of causing a threat or pressure and ensures mitigation where required. For non-licensable activities, not all identified actions have yet been implemented but are in progress.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
    • Comments : Some condition monitoring of protected features is being implemented or in the process of being implemented but is limited by resource constraints. Compliance monitoring of conditions for licensable activities and management measures in place where applicable by responsible authorities.
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
    • Comments : Condition Assessment based upon revised and robust methodology conducted during 2016 for Estuarties, Reef, Mudflats, Sandbanks, Large Shallow Inlets and Bays, other features not assessed.
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:

    Regulation

    • National legal status:
      • None
    • International legal status:
      • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555535780 - N2000 ID = UK0013111
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA: Data not reported
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

    Monitoring

    • Type of monitoring programs implemented: Data not reported

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • Data not available
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Medium
    • Level of representativity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of sensitivity: High
    • Level of naturalness: Data not available
    • Potential for restoration: Data not available
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
    • Potential for success of management measures: High
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Low / not significant
    • Scientific value Medium

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      updated on 25/01/2019