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S-H WADDEN SEA NATIONAL PARK - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

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  • Country:
    Germany
  • Name of MPA:
    S-H WADDEN SEA NATIONAL PARK
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557146
  • WDPA PID::
    555557146
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557146
  • WDPA PID : 555557146
  • Name of MPA: S-H WADDEN SEA NATIONAL PARK
  • Original name of MPA: S-H Wadden sea National Park
  • Country: Germany
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 4 410,00 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 4 351,94 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Greater North Sea
  • Management authority name: Schleswig-Holstein's Government-Owned Company for Coastal Protection, National Parks and Ocean Protection
  • Management authority web site: http://www.schleswig-holstein.de/LKN/EN/LKN_node.html

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes without legal protection status
    • To maintain key ecological functions (spawning areas, nursery grounds, feeding zones, resting areas, areas of high productivity, etc.)
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:
    • Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Actinopterygii 126413 Alosa alosa ( ) registration lists
        126415 Alosa fallax ( ) registration lists
        322868 Coregonus lavaretus oxyrinchus ( ) registration lists
      Aves 137073 Melanitta nigra ( ) registration lists
        137074 Somateria mollissima ( ) registration lists
        137128 Alca torda ( ) registration lists
        137133 Uria aalge ( ) registration lists
        137138 Larus argentatus ( ) registration lists
        137141 Larus canus ( ) registration lists
        137142 Larus fuscus ( ) registration lists
        137146 Larus marinus ( ) registration lists
        137148 Larus minutus ( ) registration lists
        137149 Larus ridibundus ( ) registration lists
        137156 Rissa tridactyla ( ) registration lists
        137157 Sterna albifrons ( ) registration lists
        137162 Sterna hirundo ( ) registration lists
        137165 Sterna paradisaea ( ) registration lists
        137166 Sterna sandvicensis ( ) registration lists
        137179 Phalacrocorax carbo ( ) registration lists
        137183 Podiceps grisegena ( ) registration lists
        137184 Podiceps nigricollis ( ) registration lists
        137186 Gavia arctica ( ) registration lists
        137188 Gavia stellata ( ) registration lists
        137195 Fulmarus glacialis ( ) registration lists
        147436 Haematopus ostralegus ( ) registration lists
        212721 Recurvirostra avosetta ( ) registration lists
      Cephalaspidomorphi 101172 Lampetra fluviatilis ( ) registration lists
        101174 Petromyzon marinus ( ) registration lists
      Mammalia 137080 Halichoerus grypus ( ) registration lists
        137084 Phoca vitulina ( ) registration lists
        137117 Phocoena phocoena ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1210: Annual vegetation of drift lines ( )
      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) ( )
      1150: Coastal lagoons ( )
      1130: Estuaries ( )
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays ( )
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1220: Perennial vegetation of stony banks ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )
      1320: Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae) ( )

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Intertidal mudflats ( )
      Intertidal Mytilus edulis beds on mixed and sandy sediments ( )
      Zostera beds ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Yes
    • Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
      • Public administration = 100 %
  • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
    • Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park : Yes
    • National public authority: No
    • Regional or local public authority: Yes (Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park)
    • International body : No

Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

  • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
  • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
  • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
  • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
  • Equipment and facilities available
    • Data not reported
  • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
  • Funding sources:
    • From regional administration

Management plan

  • Is the MPA management documented? No response
  • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? No response
  • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? No response
  • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? No response
  • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:
  • Management plan #1
    • Level of achievement of the management plan: Is implemented

Regulation

  • National legal status:
    • Data not reported
  • International legal status:
    • Data not reported
  • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
    • Data not reported
  • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

Monitoring

  • Type of monitoring programs implemented:
    • Regular monitoring programme concerning species
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)
      Aves Melanitta nigra (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Somateria mollissima (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Alca torda (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Uria aalge (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus argentatus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus canus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus fuscus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus marinus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus minutus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Larus ridibundus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Rissa tridactyla (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Sterna albifrons (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Sterna hirundo (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Sterna paradisaea (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Sterna sandvicensis (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Phalacrocorax carbo (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Podiceps grisegena (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Podiceps nigricollis (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Gavia arctica (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Gavia stellata (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Fulmarus glacialis (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Haematopus ostralegus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Recurvirostra avosetta (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
      Mammalia Halichoerus grypus (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Phoca vitulina (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
        Phocoena phocoena (Scientific institutes and/or universities in partnership with the management authority/organisation)
    • Regular monitoring programme concerning habitats
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats regularly monitored (Entity responsible for monitoring)

      1210: Annual vegetation of drift lines (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1150: Coastal lagoons (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1130: Estuaries (MPA management authority/organisation)
      Intertidal mudflats (MPA management authority/organisation)
      Intertidal Mytilus edulis beds on mixed and sandy sediments (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1220: Perennial vegetation of stony banks (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1170: Reefs (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time (MPA management authority/organisation)
      1320: Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae) (MPA management authority/organisation)
      Zostera beds (MPA management authority/organisation)
    • Regular monitoring program for environmental and/or biodiversity features

OSPAR criteria for designation

  • Ecological significance:
    • Important feeding, breeding, moulting, wintering or resting area
    • Important nursery, juvenile, or spawning areas
  • Level of importance of the biological diversity: High
  • Level of representativity: High
  • Level of sensitivity: High
  • Level of naturalness: Very high / Outstanding
  • Potential for restoration: High
  • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
  • Potential for success of management measures: Very high / Outstanding
  • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Medium
  • Scientific value Very high / Outstanding

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    updated on 17/02/2016