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SANDAY - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

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  • Country:
    United Kingdom
  • Name of MPA:
    SANDAY
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557147
  • WDPA PID::
    555557147
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557147
  • WDPA PID : 555557147
  • Name of MPA: SANDAY
  • Original name of MPA: Sanday
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 109,41 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 105,28 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Greater North Sea
  • Management authority name: Scottish Natural Heritage
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
    • To maintain key ecological functions (spawning areas, nursery grounds, feeding zones, resting areas, areas of high productivity, etc.)
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims: Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Mammalia 137084 Phoca vitulina ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      A1.1 High energy littoral rock
      A1.2 Moderate energy littoral rock
      A1.3 Low energy littoral rock
      A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand
      A2.3 Littoral mud
      A3.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy infralittoral rock
      A3.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy infralittoral rock
      A3.3 Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy infralittoral rock
      A4.3 Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy circalittoral rock
      A5.1 Sublittoral coarse sediment
      A5.2 Sublittoral sand
      A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Modiolus modiolus beds ( )
      Zostera beds ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Data not reported
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Data not reported
      • Regional or local public authority: Data not reported
      • International body : Data not reported

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available Data not reported
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources: Data not reported

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
    • Comments : Conservation objectives, information on pressures and threats, and details of the habitats and species are contained within the Regulation 33 package published in 2006. Fisheries management measures were published in 2016.
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Yes
    • Comments : The Inshore Fishing (Prohibition of Fishing and Fishing Methods) (Scotland) Order - Sanday - came into force 2016.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
    • Comments : Routine monitoring of seal population undertaken by SMRU. Low resolution condition monitoring of benthic habitats. Future monitoring programme to be determined via the development of the Scottish MPA Monitoring Strategy
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Partial
    • Comments : 2013 Latest Assessed Condition - Harbour seals - Unfavourable declining. 2008 Latest Assessed Condition - Benthic habitats - Favourable maintained. Summary condition - Unfavourable (harbour seals) & Favourable (benthic habitats)
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:

    Regulation

    • National legal status:
      • None
    • International legal status:
      • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555535959 - N2000 ID = UK0030069
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA: Data not reported
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

    Monitoring

    • Type of monitoring programs implemented: Data not reported

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • Important feeding, breeding, moulting, wintering or resting area
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Medium
    • Level of representativity: High
    • Level of sensitivity: High
    • Level of naturalness: Medium
    • Potential for restoration: Low / not significant
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
    • Potential for success of management measures: High
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Low / not significant
    • Scientific value Medium

    Link other MPAs

    Consult the identity sheets of these MPAs

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      updated on 17/02/2016