Restricted area

Please enter your user ID,
to access the collaborative space

Forgotten password ?

Retour à l'accueil - Logo ospar

SOLWAY FIRTH - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

print pageexport as PDFreduce font sizeEnlarge font size
  • Country:
    United Kingdom
  • Name of MPA:
    SOLWAY FIRTH
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557166
  • WDPA PID::
    555557166
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557166
  • WDPA PID : 555557166
  • Name of MPA: SOLWAY FIRTH
  • Original name of MPA: Solway Firth
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 381,16 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 357,46 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Celtic Seas
  • Management authority name: Natural England/ Scottish Natural Heritage
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims: Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Cephalaspidomorphi 101174 Petromyzon marinus ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) ( )
      1130: Estuaries ( )
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1220: Perennial vegetation of stony banks ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      A1.1 High energy littoral rock
      A1.2 Moderate energy littoral rock
      A1.3 Low energy littoral rock
      A2.1 Littoral coarse sediment
      A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand
      A2.3 Littoral mud
      A2.4 Littoral mixed sediments
      A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds
      A2.6 Littoral sediments dominated by aquatic angiosperms
      A2.7 Littoral biogenic reefs
      A5.1 Sublittoral coarse sediment
      A5.2 Sublittoral sand
      A5.3 Sublittoral mud
      A5.6 Sublittoral biogenic reefs

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Intertidal mudflats ( )
      Intertidal Mytilus edulis beds on mixed and sandy sediments ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Data not reported
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Data not reported
      • Regional or local public authority: Data not reported
      • International body : Data not reported

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available Data not reported
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources: Data not reported

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
    • Comments : Regulation 33 package published in 2010. Draft fisheries management measures developed in 2015. The SIP (2014) lists threats, pressures and actions. MMO strategic management table (2016) also lists actions. Spatial information is on 'magic' mapping tool.
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
    • Comments : Fisheries management measures to be brought into force. Licensable activities are subject to HRA which considers the likelihood of causing a threat or pressure and ensures mitigation where required. Solway Aquaculture Strategy Draft report, Jan 2007.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
    • Comments : Low resolution condition monitoring of benthic habitats. Future monitoring programme to be determined via the Scottish MPA Monitoring Strategy. Some condition monitoring but is limited by resources. Compliance monitoring is carried out by authorities.
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Unknown
    • Comments : Sandbanks considered in favourable condition based on 2004 assessment. Condition assessment methodology being revised. Condition information previously based on significant assumptions and judged this unfit for reporting the current status of sites
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:

    Regulation

    • National legal status:
      • None
    • International legal status:
      • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555535759 - N2000 ID = UK0013025
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA: Data not reported
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

    Monitoring

    • Type of monitoring programs implemented: Data not reported

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • Data not available
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: High
    • Level of representativity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of sensitivity: High
    • Level of naturalness: Data not available
    • Potential for restoration: Data not available
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
    • Potential for success of management measures: High
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Low / not significant
    • Scientific value Medium

    back to top

      updated on 17/02/2016