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THE WASH AND NORTH NORFOLK COAST - Marine protected area (OSPAR )

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  • Country:
    United Kingdom
  • Name of MPA:
    THE WASH AND NORTH NORFOLK COAST
  • Designation in national language:
    Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Status:
    Designated
  • Status year:
    2005
  • WDPA ID::
    555557205
  • WDPA PID::
    555557205
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555557205
  • WDPA PID : 555557205
  • Name of MPA: THE WASH AND NORTH NORFOLK COAST
  • Original name of MPA: The Wash and North Norfolk Coast
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Designation in national language: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 1 044,12 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 1 030,90 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2005
  • OSPAR region: Greater North Sea
  • Management authority name: Natural England
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
    • To maintain key ecological functions (spawning areas, nursery grounds, feeding zones, resting areas, areas of high productivity, etc.)
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims: Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Mammalia 137076 Lutra lutra ( ) registration lists
        137084 Phoca vitulina ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status
    • Present habitats (and which justified the designation )
      Espèces sous statut

      Habitats listed in Annex I to the 'Habitats' directive

      1330: Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) ( )
      1150: Coastal lagoons ( )
      1160: Large shallow inlets and bays ( )
      1420: Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi) ( )
      1140: Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide ( )
      1170: Reefs ( )
      1310: Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand ( )
      1110: Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time ( )

      EUNIS habitats

      A1.1 High energy littoral rock
      A1.2 Moderate energy littoral rock
      A1.3 Low energy littoral rock
      A1.4 Features of littoral rock
      A2.1 Littoral coarse sediment
      A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand
      A2.3 Littoral mud
      A2.4 Littoral mixed sediments
      A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds
      A2.6 Littoral sediments dominated by aquatic angiosperms
      A2.7 Littoral biogenic reefs
      A4.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy circalittoral rock
      A4.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy circalittoral rock
      A5.1 Sublittoral coarse sediment
      A5.2 Sublittoral sand
      A5.3 Sublittoral mud
      A5.4 Sublittoral mixed sediments
      A5.6 Sublittoral biogenic reefs

      Habitats listed by the OSPAR Convention

      Intertidal mudflats ( )
      Intertidal Mytilus edulis beds on mixed and sandy sediments ( )
      Sabellaria spinulosa reefs ( )
      Zostera beds ( )

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:

Governance

  • Governing body:Data not reported
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Data not reported
      • Regional or local public authority: Data not reported
      • International body : Data not reported

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available Data not reported
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources: Data not reported

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? Yes
    • Comments : Conservation objectives & advice on operations (published 2000). The SIP lists threats, pressures and actions. There is an EMS management plan (2015) and MMO strategic management table. Spatial information on magic mapping tool.
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
    • Comments : Licensable activities are subject to HRA which considers the likelihood of causing a threat or pressure and ensures mitigation where required. For non-licensable activities, not all identified actions have yet been implemented but are in progress.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? Partial
    • Comments : Some condition monitoring occurs but is limited by resource constraints. Compliance monitoring of condition for licensable activities and management measures in place where applicable by responsible authorities.
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Unknown
    • Comments : Previous condition information was based on best available evidence, but due to limitations in both the information and methodology it was considered unreliable. The condition assessment methodology is currently being revised to make it more robust.
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:

    Regulation

    • National legal status:
      • None
    • International legal status:
      • Habitats Directive - WDPA ID = 555535855 - N2000 ID = UK0017075
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA: Data not reported
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None

    Monitoring

    • Type of monitoring programs implemented: Data not reported

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • Important feeding, breeding, moulting, wintering or resting area
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: High
    • Level of representativity: Very high / Outstanding
    • Level of sensitivity: High
    • Level of naturalness: Data not available
    • Potential for restoration: Data not available
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Medium
    • Potential for success of management measures: High
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Low / not significant
    • Scientific value Medium

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      updated on 17/02/2016