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GOLFO DE CADIZ - Area marina protegida (OSPAR)

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  • Country:
  • Name of MPA:
  • Designation in national language:
    Area marina protegida (OSPAR)
  • Status:
  • Status year:
  • WDPA ID::
  • WDPA PID::
Marine Areas Network Map

General information

  • WDPA ID : 555583120
  • WDPA PID : 555583120
  • Original name of MPA: Golfo de Cadiz
  • Country: Spain
  • Designation in national language: Area marina protegida (OSPAR)
  • Designation in English: Marine protected area (OSPAR )
  • Designation type: international
  • IUCN Category: Not applicable
  • Reported marine area: 2 314,20 km²
  • Calculated total area: 2 321,03 km²
  • Calculated marine area: 2 321,03 km²
  • Status: Designated
  • Status year: 2014
  • OSPAR region: Bay of Biscay and Iberian Coast
  • Management authority name: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Management authority web site:

  • OSPAR conservation objectives/aims:
    • Protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities
    • Prevent degradation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processes, following the precautionary principle
    • Protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area
  • Site conservation objectives/aims:
    • To maintain, conserve or restore biodiversity, natural heritage, habitats, species or landscapes with legal protection status
  • Additional conservation objectives/aims:
    • Data not reported

Marine species and habitats

Warning : Non-exhaustive list of species and habitats with statuses, provided by the manager.

  • Inventory of marine species present with protection status
    • Species present
      Species under status
      Class WoRMS Code Species present
      (and which justified the designation )
      Aves 137128 Alca torda ( ) registration lists
        137131 Fratercula arctica ( ) registration lists
        137139 Larus audouinii ( ) registration lists
        137142 Larus fuscus ( ) registration lists
        137147 Larus melanocephalus ( ) registration lists
        137156 Rissa tridactyla ( ) registration lists
        137162 Sterna hirundo ( ) registration lists
        137165 Sterna paradisaea ( ) registration lists
        137166 Sterna sandvicensis ( ) registration lists
        137172 Stercorarius parasiticus ( ) registration lists
        137173 Stercorarius pomarinus registration lists
        137189 Hydrobates pelagicus ( ) registration lists
        137192 Oceanodroma leucorhoa ( ) registration lists
        137194 Calonectris diomedea ( ) registration lists
        137201 Puffinus gravis ( ) registration lists
        137202 Puffinus griseus ( ) registration lists
        148776 Morus bassanus ( ) registration lists
        232052 Larus michahellis ( ) registration lists
        445503 Puffinus mauretanicus ( ) registration lists
  • Inventory of marine habitats present with protection status Data not reported

Uses and activities

  • Human activities currently known to be occurring within the site:
    • Recreational fishing
      • Onboard recreational fishing
    • Professional fishing, trailing gear
      • Professional bottom trawling
      • Seiner (danish seine, scottish seiner)
    • Professional fishing with pelagic trawlers
      • Professional pelagic trawling
    • Professional fishing, trades line
      • Professional long line fishing (pelagic)
      • Professional bottom long line fishing
    • Extraction / deposit
      • Extraction of non-living resources (e.g. aggregates, oil and gas, etc.)
    • Shipping traffic
      • Passenger transport
      • Haulage
    • Maritime landscaping
      • Cables (electrical, telecommunications, etc.)
      • pipelines
    • Overflight
      • Military activities
    • Military activities
      • Military training
    • Navigation, sailing


  • Governing body:No
    • Structure(s) responsible for implementing management measures, the management plan and taking regulatory decisions and measures
      • National public authority: Yes (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment )
      • Regional or local public authority: No
      • International body : No

    Resources (staff, equipment and financial)

    • Number of permanent staff: Data not reported
    • Number of seasonal staff: Data not reported
    • Annual full-time equivalents: Data not reported
    • Number of MPA staff empowered to enforce the MPA regulations: Data not reported
    • Equipment and facilities available
      • Data not available
    • Average total annual budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual operating budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual equipment budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Average annual external support budget over the last 5 years: Data not reported euros
    • Funding sources:
      • Data not reported

    Management plan

    • Is the MPA management documented? No
    • Comments : MPA management plan is being developed
    • Are the measures to achieve the conservation objectives being implemented? Partial
    • Comments : Conservation measures included in article 46 of Spanish Law 42/2007 - Environmental assessment is required for any plan, program or project that may affect habitats or species, taking into account the conservation objectives of the protected area.
    • Is monitoring in place to assess if measures are working? No
    • Comments : The management plan is being elaborated. Monitoring of the species protrected by this area will be developed within the monitoring plans for marine strategies
    • Is the MPA moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives? Unknown
    • Comments : This area has been declared as protected quite recently, therefore there has been no update to its conservation assessment yet
    • Number of management plan versions since the official designation of the MPA:


    • National legal status:
      • None
    • International legal status:
      • Birds Directive - WDPA ID = 555593051
    • Type of enforcement within the MPA:
      • Data not available
    • Human uses and activities in the MPA subject to regulations: None


    • Type of monitoring programs implemented:
      • No monitoring planned

    OSPAR criteria for designation

    • Ecological significance:
      • Important feeding, breeding, moulting, wintering or resting area
    • Level of importance of the biological diversity: Data not available
    • Level of representativity: Data not available
    • Level of sensitivity: Data not available
    • Level of naturalness: Data not available
    • Potential for restoration: Data not available
    • Degree of MPA acceptance by stakeholders: Data not available
    • Potential for success of management measures: Data not available
    • Potential future damage to the area by human activities: Data not available
    • Scientific value Data not available

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      updated on 25/01/2019